Low-skilled EU migrants will have to apply for permits to work in Britain after it leaves the European Union under plans being considered by the Government, it has been reported. Sir David Metcalf, the head of the Migration Advisory Committee, said that both the number of migrants and the amount of time they spend in the UK could be controlled using work permits. His comments came after the committee, which advises the Government on migration issues, published a report which found that migrants in low-skilled jobs had “a small negative impact on wages of low-paid workers”. Sir David, said the scheme could be modelled on a previous work permit system for seasonal agricultural workers. It would be remiss of the Migration Advisory Committee not to have actually done a bit of thinking about some of these things. Work permits are a pretty straightforward way and we already have a model that works. He said: “The agricultural scheme was terrifically well administered, it was one guy at the Home Office working with operators and farmers. It was time limited and capped. We could think of similar sectors where you have got a lot of unskilled European labour. That’s very much tied up with what the Prime Minster is interested in.”
Theresa May has refused to say whether EU migrants already living in Britain will be automatically allowed to remain after Brexit, despite mounting political pressure calling for her to give the assurance. In a report, Work Immigration and the Labour Market, the committee found that low-skilled migrants can cause some pressures on public services. It states: “Costs, often focused in particular locations and sectors, include rapidly changing populations with possible implications for cohesion and integration.” It said it can also cause “congestion” by putting “extra pressure on housing, education, health and transport services” and causes “a small negative impact on wages of low paid workers”.
It also warned that some migrants faced “serious exploitation” because of “inadequate enforcement of minimum labour standards”. The report said the main benefits go to labour-intensive employers who often cannot get workers from the UK, and migrants who command higher wages in Britain than they would in their home countries. It concluded: “Low skilled migrants have a neutral impact on UK-born employment rates, fiscal contribution, GDP (gross domestic product) per head and productivity.”