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Personal Immigration

Pre-Action Protocol [PAP]

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Pre Action Protocol

Pre Action Protocol or PAP is a notice of potential Judicial Review proceedings to the Home Office, in normal circumstances Home Office is given 14 days to respond to this pre-action protocol letter. The objective of the pre-action protocol is to avoid unnecessary litigation. The time limit to bring judicial review proceedings is as soon as possible and within 90 days from the date of original refusal decision and a pre action protocol letter has to be given to the Home Office within those 90 days.

Grounds for Judicial Review

The applicants may bring in a Judicial Review relying on the following grounds.

  • The applicants may bring in a Judicial Review relying on the following grounds.
  • Irrationality or unreasonableness
  • Procedural impropriety and unfairness
  • Breach of the Human Rights Act 1998
  • Breach of UK’s obligations under the EU law

Judicial review is a complex legal process and is normally deemed as a remedy of last resort. We are only able to assist the applicants on the initial Pre Action Stage of the legal challenge.The purpose of a pre-action protocol letter is for the applicant bringing the judicial review to set out their case against the Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Office) allowing them to consider the merits of the case before any litigation commences.

How can we assist?

Our team of UK Immigration Lawyers can expeditiously deal with pre-action protocol letters. Our Immigration Lawyers shall discuss your pre-action protocol letter in length and advise you on the required documents and procedure of your pre action protocol to the Home Office. In the light of your consultation with your lawyer, we shall prepare your detailed representations for PAP on your behalf explaining your case efficiently and diligently to UKVI. We are a multi award winning law firm and pride ourselves in being approachable, innovative and always going that extra mile to make sure our clients receive the individual attention they deserve. Our Immigration team maintains a high reputation and is committed to provide clear, transparent and reliable advice to our clients.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if the Home Office is not willing to reconsider my application?

The applicant may file the Judicial Review application, if the Home Office has not satisfactorily responded to the Pre Action letter. Please note that the Judicial Review must be filed as soon as possible or within 3 months of the original negative decision.

What does the Pre-Action Protocol involve?

The PAP is considered as an alternative dispute resolution method and involves assessing grounds for JR, negotiating with the Respondent (Home Office), entering into mediation if required and sending a detailed letter before claim to the Home Office setting out the legal basis for challenging the decision.

When is Judicial Review pursued as a remedy?

Judicial Review should be pursued as a remedy of last resort and when there are no other options to challenge within the system, such as no right of appeal or administrative review and should be raised on any of the grounds mentioned above.

What can I do if the Judicial Review decision is negative?

The applicant may approach the Court of Appeal to challenge the Judicial Review decision, normally the time limit is 21 days from the date the lower court made the decision being appealed.

Is Pre Action Protocol a must before I file for Judicial Review?

The Pre Action Protocol forms part of the Civil Procedure rules and sets out a code of good practice and contains the steps which parties should generally follow before making a claim for judicial review. It is not necessary to follow this in very urgent cases, for example stopping a removal of the applicant when removal directions are set.
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